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The storms of life can overwhelm us with fear
and doubt...often leading to wrong and
unhealthy behavior, and destorying relationships.

To find security, we must head for the Light!
Come and find safety and support.

A Caring Christian
Drug & Alcohol Recovery Resource 

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1. We admitted we were powerless over alcohol ... that our lives had become unmanageable.  "I know that nothing good lives in me, that is, in my sinful nature. For I have the desire to do what is good, but I cannot carry it out." (Romans 7:18)  
2. Came to believe that a Power greater than ourselves could restore us to sanity.  "... my grace is sufficient for you, for my POWER is made perfect in weakness." (2 Corinthians 12:9)  
3. Made a decision to turn our will and our lives over to the care of GOD as we understood Him. "... If anyone would come after me, he must deny himself and take up his cross daily and follow me." (Luke 9:23**)  
4. Made a searching and fearless moral inventory of ourselves.  "Let us examine our ways and test them, and let us return to the Lord." (Lamentations 3:40)  
5. Admitted to GOD, to ourselves and to another human being the exact nature of our wrongs.  "Therefore confess your sins to each other and pray for each other so that you may be healed." (James 5:16)  
6. Were entirely ready to have GOD remove all these defects of character.  "If you are willing and obedient, you will eat the best from the land." (Isaiah 1:19)  
7. Humbly asked Him to remove all our shortcomings. "Humble yourselves before the Lord, and He will lift you up." (James 4:10)  
8. Made a list of all persons we had harmed and became willing to make amends to them all.  "Therefore, if you are offering your gift at the alter and there remember that your brother has something against you, leave your gift there in front of the alter. First go and be reconciled to your brother; then come and offer your gift." (Matthew 5:23, 24**)  
9. Made direct amends to such people wherever possible, except when to do so would injure them or others.  Give and it shall be given you. A good measure, pressed down, shaken together and running over, will be poured into your lap. For with the measure you use, it will be measured to you." (Luke 6:38**)  
10. Continued to take personal inventory and when we were wrong, promptly admitted it.  "For by the grace given me I say to every one of you: Do not think of yourself more highly than you ought, but rather think of yourself with sober judgment, in accordance with the measure of faith GOD has given you." (Romans 12:3)  
11. Sought through prayer and meditation to improve our conscious contact with GOD as we understood Him, praying only for knowledge of His will, and the power to carry that out.  "May the words of my mouth and the meditation of my heart be pleasing in your sight, O Lord, my Rock and my Redeemer." (Psalm 19:14)  
12. Having had a spiritual awakening as a result of these steps, we tried to carry this message to alcoholics, and practice these principles in all our affairs.  "Brothers, if someone is caught in a sin, you who are spiritual should restore him gently. But watch yourself, or you also may be tempted. Carry each other's burdens, and in this way you will fulfill the law of Christ." (Galatians 6:1-2)  
**The words of Christ  

The Twelve Steps are reprinted with permission of Alcoholics Anonymous World Services, Inc. Permission to reprint the Twelve Steps does not mean that AA  has reviewed or approved the contents of this publication, nor that AA agrees with the views expressed herein. AA is program of recovery from alcoholism - use of the Twelve Steps in connection with programs and activities which are patterned after AA, but address other problems, does not imply otherwise. 


People turn to drugs and alcohol for only one of two reasons.

God has the cure for both. 

Christian Roots of the Twelve Steps

Alcoholics Anonymous began on June 10, 1935, co-founded by William Griffith Wilson (Bill W.) and Dr. Robert Holbrook Smith (Dr Bob). Wilson conceived the idea of Alcoholics Anonymous while he was hospitalized for excessive drinking in December of 1934. During his hospital stay, Wilson had a spiritual experience that removed his desire to drink. In the following months, he tried to persuade other alcoholics to stop drinking just as he had. Wilson found his first “convert” in Smith who was willing to follow Wilson’s method to find freedom from alcoholism. Four years later, Wilson and Smith published the books Alcoholics Anonymous, which contains the Twelve Steps and a spiritually based program of recovery for alcoholism.


Various sources influenced for formation of AA’s program, as developed and recorded by Wilson. Of these, the British –born Oxford Group movement and its American leader, Episcopal clergyman Samuel Moor Shoemaker, Jr., contributed most significantly to the Christian basis of Alcoholics Anonymous. Both Wilson and Smith attended the Oxford Group meetings and based much of the AA program on this framework.

In the 1920s and 1930s the Oxford Group movement became a revolutionary answer to the anti religious reaction following World War I. Aiming to rekindle living faith in a church gone stale with institutionalism; the Oxford Group declared itself an “organism” rather than an “organization.” Group Members met in homes and hotels, mingling religion with meals. Despite its freedom from institutional ties, the movement was distinctly ecclesiastical and looked to the church as its authority.

Dr Frank N. D. Buchman, a Lutheran pastor is often cited as leader of the Oxford movement. Yet if one were to ask an Oxford Group follower, “Who is your leader?” the reply might be, “The Holy Spirit.” So confidently did the group believe in the guidance of the Spirit that it had no organized board of officers, but relied instead “God control” through men and women who had fully “surrendered” to God’s will. Buchman emphasized the need to surrender to God for forgiveness and guidance and to confess one’s sins to God and others. Oxford Group followers learned to make restitution for wrongs done and to witness about their changed lives in order to help change others.

The Oxford Group’s teachings rested on six basic assumptions:

1. Human beings are sinners.

2. Human beings can be changed.

3. Confession is a prerequisite to change.

4. The changed soul has direct access to God.

5. The age of miracles has returned.

6. Those who have been changed are to change others. (1)

In addition, Wilson incorporated into AA’s philosophy

the Oxford Group’s five procedures, which were:

1. Giving to God.

2. Listening to God’s direction.

3. Checking guidance.

4. Restitution.

5. Sharing, both confession and witnesses. (2)


While trying to attract more followers to sobriety from 1935-1937, Smith and Wilson attended Oxford Group meetings in New York led by Samuel Moor Shoemaker, Jr. “It was from Sam Shoemaker that we absorbed most of the Twelve Steps of Alcoholics Anonymous, steps that express the heart of AA’s way of life.” Wilson later recalled. “The early A.A. got its ideas of self-examination, acknowledgment of character defects, restitution for harm done, and working with others straight from Oxford Group and directly from Sam Shoemaker, their former leader in America, and from nowhere else.” (3)

(1)  Cantril, Hadley, The psychology of social movements (Huntington, NY: Robert E. Kruger, 1941), pp.147-148

(2)  Kurtz, Ernest, Not God: A History of Alcoholics Anonymous (Center City, NM: Hazelden Educational Materials, 1979) pp.48-49.

(3)   Alcoholics Anonymous Comes of Age (New York: Alcoholics Anonymous World Services, Inc., 1957),  p.199.